Trigger Point Injections Offer Relief for Myofascial Pain

 Myofascial Sufferers, MD Pain, Chronic Pain

Nearly everyone suffers from tense muscles and the associated discomfort and pain from time to time. However, when muscles are continually contracted due to repetitive use or repeated injury, trigger points can develop and bring about chronic pain. Called Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), this pain won’t simply heal with rest and time.

The  doctors at Metro Denver Pain Management in Greenwood Village, Parker, and Thornton, Colorado, can help you find relief from myofascial pain with trigger point injections.

Trigger points

Referred to by most people as knots, trigger points are contracted areas of muscle that often feel like bumps, and they tend to collect around points of tension or injury. Single trigger points aren’t usually a cause for concern, as they can resolve on their own. Myofascial pain syndrome develops when you have a collection of trigger points. When you have more than one trigger point in an area, they can restrict the supply of blood in that location and, in turn, become more irritated.

When pressing on a trigger point, you may feel one or two sensations. You may feel pain or discomfort at the location, or you may feel what is known as referred pain. Referred pain describes feeling sensations in places other than the trigger point. This is likely due to nerve irritation caused by the muscle contractions at the trigger point.  

Risks and complications of myofascial pain

If your job or hobby requires you to use particular muscles over and over, you may develop trigger points that evolve into MPS. Men and women who experience muscle tension along with anxiety or stress face a similar risk of developing MPS, especially if they tense the same muscles in any stressful experience.

In the long term, MPS can lead to fatigue from the constant discomfort and pain of the condition. Furthermore, MPS can limit mobility or interrupt healthy sleeping patterns. Some research suggests MPS may play a role in the development of fibromyalgia.

Trigger point injection therapy

The idea behind trigger point injections is simple. The contraction causing the trigger point needs an interruption.

There are two kinds of trigger point injections. Both involve inserting a needle into the trigger point. The first kind, which doesn’t involve inserting medication, is called “dry needling.” With dry needling, a doctor inserts a sterile needle into and around the trigger point. This can help break up the muscle contraction and encourage blood vessels to widen and improve blood flow.

The second kind involves injecting a local anesthetic — such as lidocaine — or anti-inflammatory medication — such as corticosteroids. Because the long-term use of corticosteroids can be harmful, these injections are usually limited in number.

If you’re suffering from MPS, book an appointment online or over the phone with Metro Denver Pain Management today.

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